Below is a list of our more recent publications.

If you'd like a pdf reprint of one of these articles:
follow this link to access Alejandro Lleras's reprint archive
follow this link to access Simona Buetti's reprint archive


In press

Madison, A., Lleras, A., Buetti, S. (in press). The role of crowding in parallel search: peripheral pooling is not responsible for logarithmic efficiency in parallel search. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics.

Zhou, L.-F., Buetti, S., Lu, S., & Cai, Y.-C. (2017, November 20). Attentional Effect on Contrast Appearance: From Enhancement to Attenuation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. Advance online publication. Click here


Shapiro, K. L., Hanslmayr, S., Enns, J. T., & Lleras, A. (2017). Alpha, beta: the rhythm of the attentional blink. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, DOI 10.3758/s13423-017-1257-0. Click here

Lleras, A., Cronin, D. A., Madison, A. M., Wang, Z., & Buetti, S. (2017). Oh the number of things you will process (in parallel)! Commentary on Hulleman & Olivers (in press). Behavioral & Brain Sciences, doi:10.1017/S0140525X16000169, e146. Click here

Ahn, J., Patel, T. N., Buetti, S., & Lleras, A. (2017). Exploring the contributions of spatial and non-spatial working memory to priming of pop-out. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 79(4), 1012-1026. Click here

Lleras, A., Chu, H., & Buetti, S. (2017). Can we ‘apply’ the findings of Forster and Lavie (2008)? On the generalizability of attentional capture effects under varying levels of perceptual load. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 23(2), 158-179. Click here

Wang, Z., Buetti, S., & Lleras, A. (2017). Predicting Search Performance in Heterogeneous Visual Search Scenes with Real-World Objects. Collabra: Psychology, 3(1), 6. DOI:  Click here


Buetti, S., & Lleras, A. (2016). Distractibility is a function of engagement, not task difficulty: Evidence from a new oculomotor capture paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145(10),1382-1405 Click here

Buetti, S., Cronin, D. A., Madison, A. M., Wang, Z., & Lleras, A. (2016). Towards a better understanding of parallel visual processing in human vision: Evidence for exhaustive analysis of visual information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145(6), 672-707. Doi: 10.1037/xge0000163 Click here

Panova, T., & Lleras, A. (2016). Avoidance or boredom: Negative mental health outcomes associated with use of Information and Communication Technologies depend on users’ motivations. Computers in Human Behavior, 58: 249-258. Click here


Michal, A., Lleras, A., & Beck, D. (2014). Relative contributions of task-relevant and task-irrelevant dimensions in priming of pop-out. Journal of Vision, 14(12): 14. doi:10.1167/14.12.14. Click here

Scalf, P.E., Ahn, J.W., Beck, D.M., & Lleras, A. (2014). Trial history effects in the ventral attentional network. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26(12): 2789-97. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00678. Click here

Lleras, A., & Buetti, S. (2014). Not all "distractor" tags are created equal: using a search asymmetry to dissociate the inter-trial effects caused by different forms of distractors. Frontiers in Psychology, 5:669. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00669. Click here

Buetti, S., Lleras, A., & Moore, C. M. (2014). The flanker effect does not reflect the processing of “task-irrelevant” stimuli: Evidence from inattentional blindness. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21(5), 1231-1237. DOI: 10.3758/s13423-014-0602-9. Click here

Wan, X., Tian, L., & Lleras, A. (2014). Age-related differences in the distractor previewing effect with schematic faces of emotions. Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition, 21(4):386-410. doi: 10.1080/13825585.2013.824064. Click here

Tseng Y.-C., Glaser J.I., Caddigan E., Lleras A. (2014). Modeling the Effect of Selection History on Pop-Out Visual Search. PLoS ONE 9(3): e89996. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089996. Click here

Mereu, S., Zacks, J.M., Kurby, C. A., & Lleras, A. (2014). The Role of Prediction In Perception: Evidence From Interrupted Visual Search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(4): 1372-89. doi: 10.1037/a0036646. Click here


Buetti, S., Tamietto, M., Hervais-Adelman, A., Kerzel, D., de Gelder, B., & Pegna, A. (2013). Dissociation between goal-directed and discrete response localization in a patient with bilateral cortical blindness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25(10) . doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00404. Click here

Buetti, S., & Lleras, A. (2013). Vision. In E. Diener & R. Biswas-Diener (Eds), Noba textbook series: Psychology. Champaign, IL: DEF Publishers. DOI:

Lleras, A., Buetti, S, & Mordkoff, J.T. (2013). When do the effects of distractors provide a measure of distractibility? In Brian R. Ross (Ed) Psychology of Learning and Motivation Vol. 59, pp, 261-315. Click here

Tseng, Y. C., & Lleras, A. (2013). Rewarding context accelerates implicit guidance in visual search. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 75(2), 287-298. Click here

Mereu, S., & Lleras, A. (2013). Feelings of control restore distorted time perception of emotionally charged events. Consciousness & Cognition, 22, 306-314. Click here


Buetti, S., & Lleras, A. (2012). Perceiving control over aversive
and fearful events can alter how we experience those events: an investigation of time perception in spider-fearful individuals. Frontiers in Emotion Science (cross linked with Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience). Click here

Mathewson, K. E., Prudhomme, C., Fabiani, M., Beck, D. M., Lleras, A., Gratton, G. (in press). Making waves in the stream of consciousness: entraining oscillations in EEG alpha and fluctuations in visual awareness with rhythmic visual stimulation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(12), 2321-2333. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00288. Click here

Adam, J. J., Buetti, S., & Kerzel, D. (2012). Coordinated Flexibility: How Initial Gaze Position Modulates Eye-Hand Coordination and Reaching. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38(4), 891-901. Click here

Kerzel, D., & Buetti, S. (2012). Approach and avoidance movements are unaffected by cognitive conflict: a comparison of Simon effect and stimulus-response compatibility. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 19(3), 456-461. doi: 10.3758/s13423-012-0246-6. Click here

Buetti, S., Juan, E., Rinck, M. & Kerzel, D. (2012). Affective states leak into movement execution: Automatic avoidance of threatening stimuli in fear of spider is visible in reach trajectories. Cognition & Emotion, DOI:10.1080/02699931.2011.640662. Click here


Wan, X., Voss, M., & Lleras, A. (2011). Age-Related Effects in Inter-Trial Inhibition of Attention. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 18(5), 562-576. Click here

Ariga, A., & Lleras, A. (2011). Brief and rare mental "breaks" keep you focused: deactivation and reactivation of task goals preempt vigilance decrements. Cognition, 118(3), 439-443. Click here

Lleras, A., Porporino, M., Burack, J., & Enns, J. T. (2011). Rapid resumption of an interrupted search is not influenced by age-related improvements in search efficiency. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109 (1), 58-72. Click here

Mathewson, K. E., Lleras, A, Beck, D. M., Fabiani, M., Ro, T., & Gratton, G. (2011). Pulsed Out of Awareness: EEG Alpha oscillations represent a pulsed inhibition of ongoing cortical processing. Frontiers in Perception Science, 2(99), 1-15. Click here


Caddigan, E., & Lleras, A. (2010). Saccadic repulsion in pop-out search: how a target's dodgy history can push the eyes away from it. Journal of Vision, 10 (14). Click here

Mathewson, K. E., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., Beck, D. M., & Lleras, A. (2010). Rescuing stimuli from invisibility: inducing a momentary release from visual masking with pre-target entrainment. Cognition, 115, 186-191. Click here

Wan, X., & Lleras, A. (2010). The Effect of Feature Discriminability on the Inter-Trial Inhibition of Focused Attention. Visual Cognition, 18, 920-944. Click here

Enns, J.T., Lleras, A., & Moore, C.M. (2010). Object updating: a force for perceptual continuity and scene stability in human vision. In R. Nijhawan (Ed.) Problems of space and time in perception and action. pp. 503-520. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge:MA, USA. Click here

Mathewson, K. E., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., Beck, D. M., & Lleras, A. (2010). Making waves in the stream of consciousness: Elliciting predictable oscillations in visual awareness with pretarget entrainment at 12 Hz. Proceedings of the Object Perception Attention and Memory Workshop,
Boston, MA, Nov. 19, 2009. Visual Cognition, 18(1), 137-141. Click here

Kerzel, D., Gauch, A., & Buetti, S. (2010). Involuntary attention with uncertainty: Peripheral cues improve perception of masked letters, but may impair perception of low-contrast letters. Journal of Vision, 10(12):12, 1-13. Click here

Kerzel, D., Zarian, L., Gauch, A., & Buetti, S. (2010). Large effects of peripheral cues on appearance correlate with low precision. Journal of Vision, 10(11): 26, 1-14. Click here

Buetti, S., & Kerzel, D. (2010). Effects of saccades and response type on the Simon effect: If you look at the stimulus, the Simon effect may be gone. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63, 2172-1289. Click here


Buetti, S., & Kerzel, D. (2009). Conflicts during response selection affect response programming: Reactions towards the source of stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 35(3) 816-834. Click here

Lleras, A., Levinthal, B. R., & Kawahara, J. (2009). The remains of the trial: Goal-determined inter-trial suppression of selective attention. In Narayanan Srinivasan, editors: Progress in Brain Research, Vol 176, ATTENTION, Narayanan Srivanasan. The Netherlands: Elsevier, 2009, 195-213. ERRATUM: in Figure 4 (page 202), the labels on the two bars are reversed: "Target previewed" should read "Distractor previewed" and vice-versa. Click here

Lleras, A., & Enns, J. T. (2009). Focused spatial attention is independent of rapid resumption of an interrupted search. Perception & Psychophysics, 71,
565-577. Click here.

Lleras, A., Kawahara, J., & Levinthal, B. R. (2009). Past rejections lead to future misses: Selection-related inhibition produces blink-like misses of future (easily detectable) events. Journal of Vision,9(3):26,1-12. Click here

Ambinder, M. S., & Lleras, A. (2009). Temporal tuning and attentional gating: two distinct attentional mechanisms on the perception of rapid serial visual events. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 71, 1495-1506. Click

Thomas, L. E., & Lleras, A. (2009a). Covert shifts of attention function as an implicit aid to insight. Cognition, 111, 168-174. Click here

Thomas, L. E., & Lleras, A. (2009b). Inhibitory tagging in an interrupted visual search. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 71, 1241-1250. Click here

Thomas, L. E., & Lleras, A. (2009c). Swinging into thought: directed movement guides insight in problem solving. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16,719-723. Click here


Buetti, S., & Kerzel, D. (2008). Time course of the Simon effect in pointing movements for horizontal, vertical, and acoustic stimuli: Evidence for a common mechanism underlying the Simon effect. Acta Psychologica, 129(3), 420-428. Click here

Lleras, A., Kawahara, J., Wan, X. I., Ariga, A. (2008). Inter-trial inhibition of focused attention in pop-out search. Perception & Psychophysics, 70, 114-131. ERRATUM: in Figure 5, page 126, there is a missing "0" on every value on the x axis. Values should read: 0, 100, 200, 300, 400 (ms), rather than 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40. Click here

Enns, J.T., & Lleras, A. (2008). What's next? New evidence for prediction in human vision. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12, 327-333. Click here

Shin, E., Wan, X. I., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Lleras, A. (2008). Electrophysiological evidence of feature-based inhibition of focused attention across consecutive trials. Psychophysiology, 45, 804-811.
Click here

Levinthal, B. R., & Lleras, A. (2008a). Inter-trial inhibition of attention to features is modulated by task relevance. Journal of Vision, 8(15), 1-15. Click here

Levinthal, B. R., & Lleras, A. (2008b).  Context-free inhibition: attentional biases transfer strongly across temporal and spatial search tasks. Visual Cognition, 16, 1119-1123. Click here


Bennett, J. D., Lleras, A., Oriet, C., & Enns, J. T. (2007). A Negative Compatibility Effect in Priming of Emotional Faces. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 908-912. Click here

Levinthal, B. R., & Lleras, A. (2007).The unique contributions of retinal size and perceived size on change detection. Proceedings of the Object Perception Attention and Memory Workshop, Long Beach, CA, Nov. 15, 2007. Visual Cognition, 15, 101-105. Click here

Lleras, A., Rensink, R. A., & Enns, J. T. (2007). Consequences of display changes during interrupted visual search: rapid resumption is target specific. Perception & Psychophysics, 69(6), 980-993. Click here

Thomas, L. E., Lleras, A. (2007). Moving eyes and moving thought: on the spatial compatibility between eye movements and cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 663-668. Click here

van Zoest, W., Lleras, A., Kingstone, A., & Enns, J. T. (2007). In sight, out of mind: the role of eye movements in the rapid resumption of visual search. Perception & Psychophysics, 69, 1204-1217. Click here

von Mühlenen, A., & Lleras, A. (2007). No-onset looming motion guides spatial attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception &
Performance, 33, 1297-1310. Click here



Lleras, A., & Moore, C. M. (2006). What you see is what you get: Functional equivalence of a perceptually filled-in surface and a physically presented stimulus. Psychological Science, 17, 876-881. Click here

Lleras, A., & Enns, J. T. (2006). How Much Like a Target can a Mask Be? Geometric, Spatial, and Temporal Similarity in Priming -- A Reply to Schlaghecken and Eimer. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 135, 495-500. Click here

Simons, D., Lleras, A., Martinez-Conde, S, Slichter, D., Caddigan, E., & Nevarez, G. (2006). Induced visual fading of complex images.
Journal of Vision. Journal of Vision, 6, 1093-1101. Click here

Thomas, L. E., Ambinder, M. S., Hsieh, B., Levinthal, B., Crowell, J. A., Irwin, D. E., Kramer, A. F., Lleras, A., Simons, D. J., Wang, R. F. (2006). Fruitful Visual Search: Inhibition of Return in a Virtual Foraging Task. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 891-895. Click here

Enns, J. T., Lleras, A., & Di Lollo, V. (2006). Three aspects of visual masking are informed by reentrant modeling: object substitution, feature migration, and action priming. Invited chapter in B. Breitmeyer and H. Ogmen (Eds.) The First Half Second. (pp: 127-147). MIT press. Cambridge, MA. Click here


Lleras, A., Rensink, R. A., & Enns, J. T. (2005). Rapid resumption of interrupted visual search: new insights on the interaction between vision and memory. Psychological Science, 16, 684-688. Click here

Lleras, A., & Enns, J. T. (2005). Updating a cautionary tale of masked priming: a reply to Klapp (2005). Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 134, 436-440. Click here

Moore, C. M., & Lleras, A. (2005). On the role of object representations in substitution masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 31, 1171-1180. Click here


Lleras, A., & Enns, J. T. (2004). Negative Compatibility or Object Updating? A Cautionary Tale of Mask-Dependent Priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 475-493. Click here
Lleras, A., & von Mühlenen, A. (2004). Spatial context and top-down strategies in visual search. Spatial Vision, 17, 465-482. Click here
Lleras, A., Moore, C. M., & Mordkoff, J. T. (2004). Looking for the source of the Simon Effect: evidence for multiple codes. American Journal of Psychology, 117, 531-542. Click here
Moore, C. M., Lleras, A., Grosjean, M., & Marrara, M. T. (2004). Using inattentional blindness as an operational definition of unattended: The case of a response-end effect. Visual Cognition, 11(6), 705-719. Click here


Lleras A., & Moore C. M. (2003). When the target becomes the mask: using apparent motion to isolate the object-level component of object substitution masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 29, 106-120. Click here
Moore, C. M., Grosjean, M, & Lleras, A. (2003). Using inattentional blindness as an operational definition of unattended: The case of surface completion. Visual Cognition, 10, 299-318. Click here


Moore, C. M., Elsinger, C. L., & Lleras, A. (2001). Visual attention and the apprehension of spatial relations: the case of depth. Perception & Psychophysics, 63, 595-606. Click here





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